What does Adaptive Quarantine mean and for how long will it take Ukarine as state to get over it?? -explanation given by Prof. Svyatoslav Protas.
Excerpts of an interview with Senior Head of Science Department of the Ministry of Health and Strategy Health Department of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
Ukrainian government has prolonged the Covid-19 quarantine. What is the argumentative basis of such a decision, what kind of additional restrictions will be imposed and what is the prognosis of Ukrainian epidemiologists?
The Covid-19 quarantine in Ukraine was being extended to the 22 of July. However, the public transport will be resuming its services throughout the country. The epidemiologist has explained the new type of the quarantine imposed-the adaptive one and what are the major diﬀerences of it compared to the previous quarantine rules.
“Adaptive quarantine is implying that wherever there is a problem that’s emerging-that’s exactly where the major restrictions should be imposed straight away. For instance, wherever you have a spike in presumed infections rates, that is exactly where you imply the local restrictions methods. Whereas the national type of quarantine has lost its relevance”, – as Svyatoslav Protas mentions in his research paper.
Hence, the responsibility will be assumed by the local governing authorities as opposed to national state one. The system of Covid-19 response hence becoming to frexible from region to region. However, there are preventive measures that will be stable and apply to all of the regions of Ukraine regardless.
“Mask wearing regime for professions, which are within the risk group-law enforcement oﬃcers, medical personnel, communal and retail workers etc.”, – the expert has stressed.
No doubt, that social distancing should be practiced as was previously done. We are also not thinking about the large mass gathering thus far. However, the loosening of the quarantine had to be addressed as well – the experts are sure of that.
Taking into consideration the nature factors during the summer warm period the actuality of respiratory diseases in on its low. With the eﬀect of the ultraviolet sun rays along with the general hot weather conditions all of the viruses’ activities are slowing down drastically. So acquiring the communal group immunity is vital under these circumstances.
The situation could be forecasted and predicted by the tests for antibodies. As these tests are not fully available for everyone at this stage it is still strongly advised that face masks are worn at all times of attending public places. As well surfaces disinfection along with thorough hand washing.
“Group or Communal immunity is inﬂuenced by two factors: it’s either group vaccination, which is impossible at the moment, or that 7-80 per cent of the population has contracted the virus.” – the epidemiologist mentions in his scientiﬁc work. “The government strategy is also preparing for the second virus wave.”
So far we have around 5-10 per cent of the whole of the world’s population that have been infected by the Covid-19 virus. So as far as the time frame prognosis we have at least one year of preventive measures ahead of us.
Coronavirus 2019-nCoV: new challenges to the health defense and the humankind.
The Institute of Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases of L.M. Gromashevsky of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The newly found human virus’ types and the risks associated with them are of constant reminder to the world countries to be fully prepared and ready for the extreme situations in the ﬁeld of biological safety and precautions. For the ﬂu viruses the World Health Organization has put together a manual instruction for managing pandemic ﬂu risks with the detailed approach to all pandemic potential of all known ﬂu virus types and constant updating of all epidemiological, virus and clinical data. Keeping that in mind, diﬀerent countries have diﬀerent virus and pandemic risk factors. That is why, based on the global virus data, each country has to develop own approach to dealing with pandemic factors. Impose it’s own national strategy that is to be developed.
According to yearly update of 2019 on global preparedness for the unexpected hazardous situations in the ﬁeld of health protection measures of the Global Monitoring Board, during 2011-2018 the WHO was closely monitoring 1483 epidemic outbreaks in 172 countries of the world. What needs to be closely addressed is that for the last few decades the world is experiencing an increase in epidemic spikes and the global pandemic spectrum is rather high. In spite of current Covid-19 situation, the former Norwegian prime minister and former WHO Chairman as well as Red Cross board member mister Elhadj Hassi, has expressed his deep concerns, on pandemic becoming one of the major health risk hazards globally within the next decade.
Coronaviruses and their classiﬁcations.
It is the Coronavirus, that is know to the humankind from the year of 1965 as a factor of respiratory diseases has become one of the major health risks in the beginning of the 21st century. It prompted the World Health Organization to include such Coronavirus types as SARS, CoVta, MERSCoV and the diseases that were caused by them to those that are due to be gobally controlled as according to International medical set of rules of 2005.
A virus family of Coronaviridae, is consisting of a wide spectrum of coronaviruses of birds, animals and humans. It consists of two subfamilies-Letovirinae and Orthocoronavirinae. The latter includes the human type of coronavirus, which, in its turn, is subdivided into 4 sub viruses families (Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Deltacoronavirus and Gammacoronavirus) As it turned out, the new type of Covid-19 virus belongs to a new type of Betacoronavirus.
SARS and it original cause. The ﬁrst emergent coronavirus that the humankind has faced and the one that has showed it’s deadly potential to human life and health. It was circulating within human circles for a relatively short period of time from Sept. 2002 – June 2003. The origin of the virus was therefore conﬁrmed as of rodent nature. However, there were quite a few infection instances due to inner-laboratory research as in Singapore in 2003. The World Health Organisation has urged all of the countries to tighten their laboratory safety procedures due to newly emerged data at that time.
Except for those instances mentioned, there was another spike in SARS infections registered in Chinese province of Guangdong where 4 persons were oﬃcially registered as contracted the virus. However, there were no lethal cases. These few cases have emerged within half a year after the major infection incidents.
New Coronavirus 2019-nCoV and the pandemic caused by it.
New Coronavirus of c2019-nCo (or SARS-Cov-2), which has emerged in the end of 2019 in Chinese city of Wuhan, Hubei Province has spread globally now. Even though the cases of severe lower lung infections in Wuhan have been reported since December of 2019, the ﬁrst mention of the disease from the World Health Organisation was published on the 12th of January of 2020.
Despite the possibility of various scenarios that might be emerging out of the Covid-19 pandemic, to minimize the possible consequences of this biohazard, Ukraine, along with other countries, has to be ready for the worst case scenarios (methodically-creating proper biohazard protection system). Strict and urgent anti-epidemical measures will be playing a vital role in restricting controlling and containing the possible outbreaks of new Civid-Type viruses.